SECTION 1. Definition of terms. —
(a) "Council" refers to National Manpower and Youth Council.
(b) "Human resources development" refers to the process by which the actual and potential labor force is made to systematically acquire greater knowledge, skills or capabilities for the nation's sustained economic and social growth.
(c) "Manpower" is that portion of the population which has actual or potential capability to contribute to the production of goods and services.
(d) "National Manpower Plan" refers to the plan formulated by the Council on the systematic determination of manpower requirements and supply of the sectors of the economy over a future period of time. It shall embody policies and strategies on how human resources can be improved in quality and productivity, how they can be efficiently allocated to various employments, with a view to accelerating the attainment of the country's overall economic and social objectives.
(e) "Training" is the systematic development of the attitude/knowledge/skill/behavior pattern required for the adequate performance of a given job or task.
(f) "Training in vocation" refers to a range of activities aimed at providing the skills, knowledge, and attitudes required for employment in a particular occupation, group, group of related occupations or functions in a field of economic activity.
(g) "Basic skills training" refers to the first stage of the learning process of a vocational character for a given task, job, occupation or group of occupations, aimed at developing the fundamental attitude/knowledge/ skill/behavior pattern to specified standards. This covers any of the following:
(1) "Pre-entry training" is a basic skills training for immediate entry into the working environment.
(2) "Accelerated training" is basic skills training of a short-term nature for jobs with a defined level of qualifications. This usually refers to a rapid paced, condensed vocational training to fill immediate manpower needs.
(h) "Further training" refers to that part of vocational training which follows basic training, usually within the framework of a training program or scheme, for recognized qualifications. This covers any or all of the following:
(1) Upgrading — training for supplementary skills and knowledge in order to increase the versatility and occupational mobility of a worker or to improve his standard of performance.
(2) Updating — training to improve the performance of people in their occupation in respect to modern developments; new materials, tools, processes.
(3) Refresher — process of further training in work currently performed in order to improve job performance. This also refers to training to regain skills and knowledge which may have been partly forgotten as a result of length interruptions in the performance of an occupation.
(4) Specialization — training to consolidate, deepen and broaden skills and knowledge for a particular task, function or aspect of a worker's occupation.
(5) Retraining for the acquisition of skills and knowledge required in an occupation other than the one for which the person originally trained.
(i) "Entrepreneurship training" refers to the training schemes to develop persons for self-employment or for organizing, financing and/or managing an enterprise.
(j) "Cooperative settlement training" refers to the training of a group of young people or farmer families in modern methods in agriculture and cooperative living and subsequently to organize and locate them in cooperative settlement.
(k) "Instructor training" is aimed at developing capacities of persons for imparting attitudes, knowledge, skills and behavior patterns, required for specific jobs, tasks, occupations or group of related occupations.
(l) "Vocational preparation training" refers to a range of training activities primarily aimed at the youth and covering any or all of the following:
(1) First introduction to work of a vocational character covering a range of occupational activities;
(2) Preparing the youth for choosing an occupation or a line of training;
(3) Acquainting the youth with different materials, tools, machines, procedures and elementary theoretical knowledge relevant to a group of occupations;
(4) Providing the youth with working methods and standards expected at work; and
(5) Giving the youth basic knowledge about contributions which they may be able to make to the economic and social development of the country.
(m) "Special project training" refers to an organized activity or sets of activities in aid of human resources development which do not fall squarely under any of the previously described types of activities.
(n) "Skills standards" refers to a level or graduated levels of proficiency generally accepted by industry in specific jobs, tasks, trades or occupations.
(o) "Trade" refers to any industrial craft or artisan occupation which is officially or traditionally recognized as requiring special qualifications which can only be acquired through lengthy training, experience, and practical and theoretical instruction.
(p) "Trade test" refers to examination or test to determine whether a person meets the standards of a particular trade.
(q) "Employment" refers to remunerative work either for an employer or self-employment.
(r) "Occupation" refers to the collection of jobs which is sufficiently similar with regard to their main task to be grouped together under a common title.
(s) "Job" refers to all the tasks carried out by a particular person in the completion of his prescribed duties.
(t) "Task" refers to a major element of work or combination of elements by means of which a specific result is achieved.